Observation Form (TOF) - Ages 2-18
and achievement tests pose significant challenges for children.
The Test Observation Form (TOF) is a standardized form for
rating observations of behavior, affect, and test-taking
style during testing sessions for children aged 2 to 18.
TOF enhances the value of test scores by documenting test
examiners observations of childrens behavior
TOF includes 125 items for rating childrens problems
during individual ability and achievement testing. Each
item is rated on a 4-point scale. The TOF Profile displays
raw scale scores and T scores for ages 2 to 18.
module generates computer-scored profiles and narrative
reports. Hand-scoring is also available.
TOF has the following features:
documents examiners observations without requiring
are normed on 3,943 children, with separate norms for
boys and girls ages 2-5, 6-11, & 12-18.
is scored on five empirically based syndromes derived
from factor analyses of 3,400 TOFs, a DSM-oriented Attention
Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems scale, plus Internalizing,
Externalizing, & Total Problems.
test-retest reliability was .80 across all TOF scales.
Based Syndromes Scales
(derived from factor analyses of TOFs for
ADH Problems Scales
Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems scale with Inattention
and Hyperactivity-Impulsivity subscales