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School-Age (Ages 6-18) Assessments

Also see Observational Assessment of Children (TOF & DOF) and Semistructured Clinical Interview (SCICA)

The school-age assessment forms are the CBCL/6-18, completed by parents or surrogates; the TRF/6-18, completed by teachers and other school staff; and the YSR/11-18 completed by youths.

The ADM Module for Ages 6-18 with Multicultural Options displays problem-scale profiles and cross-informant bar graphs in relation to multicultural (including U.S.) norms. The Multicultural Supplement fully documents the multicultural norms and scales added in 2007.

Sample Forms

Forms Revision Information

Different norms can be selected for a child’s CBCL, TRF, and YSR scores. If the norms are unavailable for a society, you can elect default norms or other norms deemed appropriate for the child. The same scale scores can also be displayed with different norms.

School-Age (CBCL/6-18, TRF & YSR) Scales
The Module includes the 2007 Obsessive-Compulsive Problems, Posttraumatic Stress Problems, Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (not on YSR), and Positive Qualities (YSR only) scales.

Empirically Based Syndromes Scales scored from the CBCL/6-18, TRF, and YSR are based on factor analyses coordinated across the forms.
  • Anxious/Depressed
  • Withdrawn/Depressed
  • Somatic Complaints
  • Social Problem
  • Thought Problems
  • Attention Problems
  • Rule-Breaking Behavior
  • Aggressive Behavior

  • DSM-oriented scales comprise items identified by experts from many cultures as very consistent with DSM-5 categories. The six DSM-oriented scales are:
  • Affective Problems
  • Anxiety Problems
  • Somatic Problems
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems
  • Oppositional Defiant Problems
  • Conduct Problem
  • The DSM-oriented scales are scored from all three forms. Inattention and Hyperactivity-Impulsivity subscales are also scored from the TRF Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems scale.

    Response to Intervention (RTI)
    ASEBA provides optimal evidence-based, normed tools for identifying intervention needs, monitoring progress, and evaluating responses to interventions for behavioral, emotional, and social problems.

    Revisions of Forms:
    We revised the school-age forms in 2001 by replacing problem items that were unscored or rare with items that sharpen assessment of important syndromes. Factor analyses showed that the new items concerning alcohol and tobacco use and breaking rules load on the syndrome designated as Rule-Breaking Behavior, which is a revision of the Delinquent Behavior syndrome. The new items concerning failure to finish tasks and being easily distracted load on the revised Attention Problems syndrome. The new item concerning lack of enjoyment loads on the Withdrawn/Depressed syndrome, which is a revision of the Withdrawn syndrome.

    The following items were changed from the 1991 forms:

    CBCL/4-18 changed to CBCL/6-18
    Items changed: #2, #4, #5, #28, #78, #99

    YSR/11-18 still YSR/11-18
    Items changed: #2, #4, #5, #28, #78, #99

    TRF/5-18 changed to TRF/6-18
    Items changed: #5, #28, #99


    Copyright © 2014 by Thomas Achenbach