adolescents may be at particular risk for suicidal ideation and
behavior for a variety of reasons. To test characteristics of
incarcerated adolescents, their parents, and their histories that
may be predictive of suicidality, Ruchkin et al. (2003) assessed
271 14- to 19-year-old inmates of a Russian detention center.
The assessments included the Schedule for Affective Disorders
and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children (Kiddie-SADS), the Beck
Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS),
the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and the YSR. Self-reports
of parental rearing characteristics and exposure to violence were
also obtained. Many of the measures were significantly associated
with suicidal ideation and behavior. Suicide attempters had the
highest rates of comorbid psychiatric diagnoses, followed by suicide
ideators. Of the quantitative measures, the YSR Attention Problems
syndrome had the strongest association with suidicality, followed
by the YSR Anxious/Depressed syndrome, a history of violent victimization,
and the BDI. The authors observed that "although some diagnoses
clearly represent risk for suicidality, the presence of categorical
diagnosis is a very non-specific marker" (p. 1064).
Reference: Ruchkin, V.V., Schwab-Stone, M., Koposov, R.A.,
Vermeiren, R., & King, R.A. (2003). Suicidal ideations and
attempts in juvenile delinquents. Journal of Child Psychology
and Psychiatry, 44, 1058-1066.