Gaming Disorder and YSR Scores for Youths in Six European
have arisen about possible addiction to the Internet. In
response to these concerns, DSM-5 has added Internet Gaming
Disorder (IGD) as a proposed diagnostic category. Nine symptom
criteria are listed, such as "preoccupation with Internet
games." At least five of the criterial symptoms must
be present to qualify for IGD. To assess the prevalence
of IGD and its association with YSR scores, an international
research team had 10,623 14-17-year-olds in Greece, Iceland,
The Netherlands, Poland, Romania, and Spain complete the
YSR and the Scale for the Assessment of Internet and Computer
Game Addiction (AICA; Müller et al., 2015). Of the
60.5% who reported playing online games regularly, 2.7%
met criteria for IGD, while an additional 8.4% were considered
to be at risk for IGD, because they met 2 to 4 criteria.
Significant correlations between AICA and YSR scores indicated
that youths with high gaming scores reported low levels
of competence and high levels of problems. The highest elevations
were on the YSR Rule-Breaking Behavior and Aggressive Behavior
scales, where youths meeting IGD criteria had considerably
higher problem scores than youths who were classified as
being at risk, who, in turn, had considerably higher scores
than youths who were not at risk and those who were non-gamers.
The authors concluded that "IGD is related to psychopathological
and psychosocial symptoms, which places emphasis on the
seriousness of IGD requiring counseling" (p. 572).
K.W., Janikian, M., Dreier, M., Wölfling, K., Beutel,
M.E., Tzavara, C., Richardson, C., & Tsitsika, A. (2015).
Regular gaming behavior and internet gaming disorder in
European adolescents: results from a cross-national representative
survey of prevalence, predictors, and psychopathological
correlates. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,