of Divorce as Reflected in Parent,
Teacher, and Self-Reported Problems Among
Urban Chinese Children
previous study by Liu et al. (Journal of the American Academy
of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2000, 39, 896-903) revealed
significantly higher CBCL and TRF problem scores for children
in divorced than nondivorced families living in rural areas of
China. A new study by Dong, Wang, and Ollendick (2002) has reported
similar findings for children living in large Chinese cities.
Although others have hypothesized that problem scores on CBCLs
completed by mothers may be inflated by maternal depression, Dong
et al. found that "teachers indicated a greater negative
impact of divorce on children's adjustment (all eight ASEBA subscales,
as well as internalizing, externalizing, and total problems scores)
than did parents in divorced families" (p. 108). In addition,
self-reports on the Children's Depression Inventory and the Revised
Manifest Anxiety Scale also indicated significantly more problems
among children in divorced than nondivorced families. Although
parents' distress may well increase both their children's actual
problems and the parents' perceptions of the problems, the Dong
et al. findings indicated that teachers and the children themselves,
as well as the parents, reported more problems for children in
divorced than nondivorced families. A novel feature of the Dong
et al. study was the inclusion of measures of parenting styles.
In stepwise regression analyses, parenting styles characterized
by rejection added significant variance to divorce in predicting
CBCL and TRF problem scores. Thus, although divorce was a risk
factor for children's problems, parental rejection added to the
risk posed by divorce.
Reference: Dong, Q., Wang, Y., & Ollendick, T.H. (2002).
Consequences of divorce on the adjustment of children in China.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31,