December 11, 2013
DSM-oriented scales were initially developed by having experts
from many societies identify ASEBA problem items that they
judged to be very consistent with DSM-IV diagnostic categories.
In order to revise the DSM-oriented scales on the basis of
DSM-5 categories, 58 experts from 30 societies rated ASEBA
problem items as being not consistent, somewhat consistent,
or very consistent with DSM-5 diagnostic categories
that had undergone changes from DSM-IV categories relevant
to the DSM-oriented scales. The relevant DSM-5 categories
included Autism Spectrum Disorder (which replaced DSM-IV Pervasive
Developmental Disorders); anxiety disorder categories, including
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder,
Specific Phobia, and Social Anxiety Disorder (which replaced
DSM-IV Social Phobia); and Somatic Symptom Disorder (which
replaced DSM-IV Somatoform Disorder and Somatization Disorder).
CBCL/1½-5 and C-TRF items were rated by experts knowledgeable
about psychopathology at ages 1½-5, while CBCL/6-18,
TRF, and YSR items were rated by experts knowledgeable about
ages 6-18, and ASR and ABCL items were rated by experts knowledgeable
about ages 18-59. The 58 experts included 19 psychiatrists,
38 psychologists, and 1 social worker, 11 of whom had both
M.D. and Ph.D. degrees. The experts had a mean of 22.5 years
of experience since receiving their first doctorate or other
highest degree. All but two had published on psychopathology.
The DSM-5-oriented scales for ages 1½-5, 6-18, and
18-59 were constructed using the ASEBA items that a large
majority of experts identified as being very consistent with
the relevant DSM-5 diagnostic categories. Achenbach (2013)
presents details, plus practical and research applications
of the DSM-oriented scales. Owners of ADM 9.0 and 9.1 software
can obtain free DSM-5 updates for their software at http://www.aseba.org/admupdates.html.
The DSM-Oriented Guide (referenced below), plus DSM-5
hand-scored profiles and scoring templates can be ordered
Achenbach, T.M. (2013). DSM-Oriented Guide for the Achenbach
System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA). Burlington,
VT: University of Vermont Research Center for Children, Youth,
and Families. Pp. 38.