ASEBA approach is especially good for multicultural research.
Comprising specific problem items that can be rated by different
informants without specialized training, ASEBA instruments
can be easily used in diverse societies.
mental-health professionals are not needed to administer
forms, these forms are used for epidemiological surveys,
clinical assessment, outcome evaluations, and research in
many societies. There are translations in over 100 languages
and thousands of published reports of ASEBA use in over
to the many publications reporting use of ASEBA forms within
particular societies, numerous multicultural comparisons
of ASEBA findings have been published. The first such comparisons
were made between epidemiological samples of randomly selected
Dutch and U.S. children who were rated on the CBCL and TRF.
The Dutch data were obtained by Dr. Frank Verhulst, who
is Professor and Director of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
at Erasmus University and Sophia Childrens Hospital
in Rotterdam and former editor-in-chief of the Journal of
Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
comparisons showed that Dutch childrens problem scale
scores were nearly identical to American children's scores
on both the CBCL and TRF (Achenbach, Verhulst, Baron, &
Akkerhuis, 1987; Achenbach, Verhulst, Edelbrock, Baron,
& Akkerhuis, 1987). Dr. Verhulst and his colleagues
have subsequently published hundreds of studies using Dutch
translations of ASEBA instruments.
studies by Dr. Leslie Rescorla and colleagues from dozens
of societies have analyzed tens of thousands of CBCLs, C-TRFs,
TRFs, and YSRs from many societies (Rescorla et al., 2012).
The analyses included multicultural comparisons of scores
on the syndrome, DSM-oriented, Internalizing, Externalizing,
and Total Problems scales, age/gender effects, and correlations
between mean item scores for every pair of societies. Dr.
Masha Ivanova and the same international team have tested
ASEBA syndrome structures by performing confirmatory factor
analyses (CFAs) on CBCLs, C-TRFs, TRFs, and YSRs used in
Dr. Rescorla's 2012 studies. The data from all societies
analyzed were found to fit the ASEBA syndrome structures.
An integrative overview of multicultural findings from both
the empirically based and diagnostically based approaches
is available in Multicultural
Understanding of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology: Implications
for Mental Health Assessment. The Bibliography
of Published Studies Using the ASEBA lists some 3,000
publications under the "cross-cultural/multicultural"